Aluminum (Al) – It is commonly found in most water (except filtered and bottled). Sufficient levels can be found in plants, cereals, fruits, and vegetables due to high concentrations in the ground. However, there is none found in herbs, spices, and teas. It is quite common in doughs and processed cheese. It is common in everyday items like transport, household products, packaging, and lighting. It is used in some antiperspirants, and many over the counter medications contain quite high levels of aluminum.
Possible Symptoms of Aluminum toxicity can include memory loss, learning difficulty, loss of coordination, disorientation, mental confusion, disturbed sleep, colic, heartburn, flatulence, and headaches.
Antimony (Sb) – This is a shiny grey metal and is hugely flame retardant. It is often used in cosmetics, army supplies, and cables.
Possible Symptoms of Antimony toxicity can cause headaches, nausea, dizziness, and depression. Large doses cause vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal discomfort and tingling in the extremities.
Arsenic (As) – Arsenic appears in many minerals and is a metallic grey color in its raw form. It is used in pesticides, wood products, and is notoriously poisonous. Commonly found in rice products and many rooted vegetables.
Possible Symptoms of Arsenic toxicity can cause headaches, confusion, severe diarrhea, and drowsiness. In intense exposure, it can cause death.
Barium (Ba) – Barium is a very abundant, naturally occurring metal and is used for a variety of industrial purposes. Barium compounds, such as barium-nickel alloys are used for spark-plug electrodes and in vacuum tubes as a drying and oxygen-removing agent; barium sulfide is used in fluorescent lamps, and in diagnostic medicine; barium nitrate and chlorate give fireworks a green color. Barium compounds are used in drilling muds, paint, bricks, ceramics, glass, and rubber.
Possible Symptoms of short-term exposure to Barium can cause vomiting, abdominal cramps, diarrhea, difficulties in breathing, increased or decreased blood pressure, numbness around the face, and muscle weakness. Large amounts of barium intake can cause high blood pressure, changes in heart rhythm or paralysis and possibly death.
Beryllium (Be) – It is commonly found in x-ray machines, vehicle electronics and also used in aircraft, missiles, spacecraft, and satellites.
Possible Symptoms of Beryllium toxicity include conjunctivitis, skin irritation, skin ulcers, nausea, cough, shortness of breath, sore throat, eye irritation and in severe cases pneumonia.
Bismuth (Bi) – It is slightly radioactive. Bismuth has low toxicity and is found in cosmetics and pharmaceuticals including Pepto-Bismol.
Possible Symptoms of Bismuth toxicity include confusion, decreased appetite, weight loss, weakness, joint pain, skin rash, tremors, diarrhea and staining on gums.
Boron (B) – Boron can be released into air, water, or soil after natural weathering of soils and rocks. Smaller amounts of Boron can be released from glass manufacturing plants, coal-burning power plants, copper smelters, agricultural fertilizer and pesticide usage. Boric acid, anhydrous sodium tetraborate, and sodium tetraborate decahydrate (borax) are found in consumer products such as: laundry detergent, pesticides, facial creams and cleaners, plant foods, household cleaners.
Possible Symptoms of Boron toxicity include skin inflammation and peeling, irritability, tremors, convulsions, weakness, headaches, depression, diarrhea, and vomiting.
Bromine (Br) – Bromine can be perceived as an alternative to chlorine in swimming pools. Products containing Bromine are used in agriculture and sanitation and as fire retardants.
Possible Symptoms of breathing Bromine gas could cause you to cough, have trouble breathing, get a headache, have irritation of your mucous membranes (inside your mouth, nose, etc.), be dizzy, or have watery eyes. Getting Bromine liquid or gas on your skin could cause skin irritation and burns. Liquid Bromine that touches your skin may first create a cooling sensation that is closely followed by a burning feeling. Swallowing Bromine-containing compounds cause different effects depending on the mixture. Swallowing a significant amount of Bromine in a short period would be likely to cause symptoms such as nausea and vomiting.
Cadmium (Cd) – It is commonly found in batteries (mainly rechargeable), electroplating, televisions, and paints. There are also large quantities found in food products such as spinach, potatoes, shellfish, and offal. It is one of the most toxic ingredients in cigarettes.
Possible Symptoms of Cadmium toxicity include fatigue, headaches, vomiting, anemia and in more severe cases kidney dysfunction and emphysema.
Cesium (Cs) – It is highly unlikely that you would be exposed to high enough amounts of stable Cesium to cause harmful health effects. Laboratory animals given vast quantities of Cesium compounds showed changes in behavior, such as increased or decreased activity.
Possible Symptoms of exposure to large amounts of radioactive Cesium can damage cells in your body from the radiation. You might also experience acute radiation syndrome, which includes nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, bleeding, coma, and even death in cases of very high exposures.
Calcium (Ca) – Calcium ions dissolve in water from deposits in pipes and boilers. When the water is hard, it means that it contains too much calcium or magnesium. This can be avoided with water softeners. Calcium is sometimes referred to as lime. It is most commonly found in milk and milk products, but also in vegetables, nuts, and beans. It is an essential component for the preservation of the human skeleton and teeth. It also assists the functions of nerves and muscles.
Possible Symptoms of Calcium toxicity can include abdominal pain, bone pain, coma, confusion, constipation, depression, diarrhea, and headaches. The use of more than 2.5 grams of Calcium per day without a medical necessity can lead to the development of kidney stones and sclerosis of kidneys and blood vessels.
Carbon (C) – Elemental Carbon is of very low toxicity. Health hazard data presented here is based on exposures to Carbon Black, not elemental Carbon.
Possible Symptoms of chronic inhalation exposure to Carbon Black may result in temporary or permanent damage to lungs and heart. Pneumoconiosis has been found in workers engaged in the production of Carbon Black. Skin conditions such as inflammation of the hair follicles and oral mucosal lesions have also been reported from skin exposure.
Chromium (Cr) – Chromium is a steely-grey hard metal with a high melting point. It is mostly used to harden steel and other services to resist corrosion.
Possible Symptoms of Chromium toxicity may be dermatitis, ulcers that form little holes in the skin and possible occupational asthma.
Cobalt (Co) – It used as a blue pigment for jewelry but had to be stopped due to the number of reactions it caused. It can commonly be found in lithium batteries and electroplating.
Possible Symptoms of Cobalt toxicity include gastro issues, tinnitus, and respiratory diseases.
Copper (Cu) – It is soft and malleable and red/orange in color. It is a great conductor of heat and electricity. It is often found in many household fittings including electrical wiring, roofing, and plumbing.
Symptoms of Copper toxicity include headaches, insomnia, fatigue, depression, learning difficulties and skin rashes.
Gallium (Ga) – Gallium is an element found in the body, but it occurs in a tiny amount. It has no proven benefit towards the function of the body, and it most likely is only present due to small traces in the natural environment, in water, and in residue on vegetables and fruits. Several vitamins and commercially distributed waters have been known to contain trace amounts of gallium with less than one part per million.
Possible Symptoms of Gallium toxicity can include hyper excitability, photophobia, rapid weight loss, mucosal irritation, and gastrointestinal distress.
Germanium (Ge) – Germanium is stable in air and water, and is unaffected by alkalis and acids, except nitric acid.
Germanium oxide is added to glass to increase the index of refraction; such glass is used in wide-angle lenses and infrared devices. Numerous alloys containing Germanium have been prepared. High purity Germanium single crystal detectors can precisely identify radiation sources (e.g., for airport security).
Possible Symptoms of Germanium toxicity can be gastrointestinal symptoms such as vomiting, anorexia and weight loss, possible peripheral neuropathy and myopathy.
Gold (Au) – It is often found in jewelry, but it is also edible and is used in some foods and drinks.
Possible Symptoms of Gold toxicity include headaches, vomiting, dermatitis, jaundice, and pneumonitis.
Hafnium (Hf) – Hafnium metal does not typically cause problems, but all Hafnium compounds should be regarded as toxic although initial evidence would appear to suggest the danger is limited. The metal dust presents a fire and explosion hazard. Hafnium metal has no known toxicity. The metal is completely insoluble in water, saline solutions or body chemicals. Exposure to Hafnium can occur through inhalation, ingestion, and eye or skin contact.
Possible Symptoms of overexposure to Hafnium and its compounds may cause mild irritation of the eyes, skin, and mucous membranes.
Indium (In) – Indium is not widely dispersed in the environment. Cultivated soils are reported to be more abundant in Indium than non-cultivated sites. In small doses, it is said to stimulate the metabolism. Indium compounds are rarely encountered by most people. All Indium compounds should be regarded as highly toxic.
Possible Symptoms of Indium toxicity can include damage to the heart, kidney, and liver, and may be teratogenic.
Iridium (Ir) – Nowadays demand for Iridium comes mainly from the electronics industry, the automotive industry and from the chemical industry, where it is used to coat the electrodes in the chlor-alkali process, and in a catalyst. Some applications are in pivot bearings and other specialized equipment, but it is principally used in alloys: Osmium/Iridium alloys are used for tipping fountain pen nibs and for compass bearings.
Possible Symptoms of Iridium toxicity may cause eye irritation. Skin: a low hazard for usual industrial handling. Ingestion: may irritate the digestive tract. Expected to be a low ingestion hazard. Inhalation: low risk for general industrial processing.
Iron (Fe) – Can be found in meat, whole meal products, potatoes, and vegetables. The human body absorbs Iron in animal products faster than Iron in plant products. Iron is an essential part of hemoglobin; the red coloring agent of the blood that transports oxygen through our bodies.
Possible Symptoms of Iron Toxicity may include conjunctivitis, choroiditis, and retinitis if it contacts and remains in the tissues. Chronic inhalation of excessive concentrations of iron oxide fumes or dust may result in the development of benign pneumoconiosis, called siderosis, which is observable as an x-ray change.
Lead (Pb) – It is found in paint, ink, batteries, soldering, car fuel and is common in many plants. It is used in many weapons and also in the manufacturing of cars.
Possible Symptoms of Lead toxicity include a headache, abdominal pain, kidney failure, memory loss and many aspects of weakness and pain especially of the extremities.
Lithium (Li) – The main Lithium compound is the Lithium hydroxide. It’s a white powder; the manufactured material is Monohydrate Lithium Hydroxide. The carbonate can be used in the pottery industry and medicine as an antidepressant. The Bromine and the lithium Chloride both form concentrated brine, which have the property of absorbing the humidity in a wide interval of temperature; these brines are used in the manufactured air conditioning systems. The primary industrial use of Lithium is in Lithium Stearate form, as lubricant grease’s thickener. Other important applications of Lithium compounds are in pottery, specifically in porcelain glaze; as an additive to extend the life and performance of alkaline storage batteries and in autogenous welding and brass welding.
Possible Symptoms of Lithium toxicity from inhalation can include a burning sensation, cough, labored breathing, shortness of breath or sore throat. Delayed symptoms may include skin redness, skin burns, pain, blisters, or eye redness. Ingestion of Lithium can include abdominal cramps, abdominal pain, burning sensation, nausea, shock or collapse, vomiting and weakness.
Magnesium (Mg) – It is used in fireworks, photographic light bulbs and is often added to missile fuel.
Possible Symptoms of Magnesium toxicity are diarrhea and nausea.
Manganese (Mn) – It is often combined with Iron and is most commonly used in stainless steels. It can be used to combat rust and corrosion in other metals. It is frequently found in coins as well as in most stainless steel and rust preventative products. Manganese is essential to the body, and only high exposure is usually an issue for people.
Possible Symptoms of Manganese toxicity include anemia, tremors, and stiff muscles.
Mercury (Hg) – It is the only metal that is liquid at room temperature, and it is silver in color. Mercury can be found in many electrical outlets around the home. It is also found in some household medicines and can still be used in some dental fillings. It is present in neon signs and even used in mascara. It can be found in many kinds of seafood and some freshwater fish.
Possible Symptoms of Mercury toxicity are far and wide as it can affect any area of the body. It can change the nervous system, the gastro area, the head and neck and even the cardiovascular system.
Molybdenum (Mo) – The primary use of Molybdenum is in the commercial and industrial industries where it plays a significant role in manufacturing.
Possible Symptoms can include itchy eyes and coughing, but in chronic exposure, it may cause anorexia, diarrhea and extreme joint pain.
Nickel (Ni) – It is used in many coins and also is commonly used to make magnets. It is present in some foods including bananas. It is another one of the primary toxic ingredients in tobacco products.
Possible Symptoms of Nickel toxicity include skin rash, nausea, headaches, vomiting, chest pain, weakness, and coughing.